Symptoms of Allergic Reactions to Flu Shot

Seasonal flu vaccines are designed to protect us from the most common influenza viruses that thrive during seasonal changes. According to CDC, “For the 2014-2015 influenza season, trivalent and quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccines (IIV) are available. The trivalent IIV is designed to protect against three influenza viruses – one influenza A (H3N2) virus, one influenza A (H1N1) virus, and one influenza B virus. Quadrivalent IIV and live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) contains the same three viruses as the trivalent vaccine, but also contains an additional influenza B virus.”

Most influenza vaccines contain viruses that are grown in hens’ eggs. In case of the flu shot, these viruses are inactivated or recombinant. The only vaccines that consists of live and weakened viruses are the ones that are available in the form of nasal sprays. Nonetheless, since this write-up is about the possible side effects associated with flu shots (injections), we shall be focusing on that aspect only.

Common Allergic Symptoms after Getting the Flu Shot

Like any medication, even this involves certain risks. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that the chances of having severe allergic reaction to any vaccine is less than 1 in a million doses. And that the symptoms for the same would be visible within a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination has been taken. Normally, most people experience mild reactions at the site where the vaccine is injected. However, this is quite normal and the symptoms fade away within a day or two. Listed below are some commonly observed symptoms of flu-shot allergy.

Mild Symptoms

Redness
Swelling
Pain
Soreness
Fatigue
Itchiness
Headache
Rashes
Hoarseness

The occurrence of these symptoms is normal and they may be evident for a day or two. After that, they are likely to disappear on their own.

Moderate Symptoms

Fever

List of Common Infectious Diseases

Common infectious diseases

Drafted herein is an article that lists the most common infectious diseases. This list has been compiled alphabetically to further the cause of convenient readability. The causative agents, too, have been mentioned along with the disease. There are a number of diseases mentioned in this list, deemed endemic in regions, where thorough medical aid and amenities are scarce. They may, even be unavailable. Besides, certain infections have no preventive vaccines, while for some, vaccines are being processed. However, in most countries, AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria are the three maladies responsible for an increase in mortality rates.

● Bacterial Infectious Diseases
● Fungal Infectious Diseases
● Parasitic Infectious diseases
● Prion Infectious Diseases
● Viral Infectious Diseases

Bacterial Infectious Diseases
☛ Anthrax: multiplication of Bacillus anthracis in the body.
☛ Bacterial meningitis: inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system, due to Neisseria meningitidis or Streptococcus pneumoniae.
☛ Botulism: blockage of nerve function and respiratory, as well as musculoskeletal paralysis due to toxins from Clostridium botulinum.
☛ Brucellosis: entrance of Brucella spp. bacteria by direct contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals.
☛ Campylobacteriosis: an inflammatory and at times bloody diarrhea or dysentery caused by Campylobacter jejuni.
☛ Cat scratch disease: also regarded as cat scratch fever, Teeny’s Disease, or Subacute regional lymphadenitis is known to have been caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae. Symptoms start to show between 7 to 14 days or 2 months post a cat scratch; tender regional lymphadenopathy, slight fever, headache, chills, malaise, abdominal pain, backache, convulsions or sterile suppurative papules at the site of inoculation occur.
☛ Cholera: transmission of Vibrio cholerae by ingestion of contaminated food or water causes diarrhea.
☛ Diphtheria: upper respiratory tract infection of Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and is characterized by sore throat, low-grade fever,

Products and Food to Avoid if You are Allergic to Latex

Products and food to avoid if you are allergic to latex

The term ‘latex’ refers to the milky fluid (sap) that circulates in the vascular system of rubber trees. This milky fluid is commonly used to make natural rubber products. It is observed that people who are allergic to latex cannot use any product manufactured from the milky fluid that is obtained from the rubber tree.

The proteins present in natural rubber latex are allergenic components that can trigger an abnormal immune response. So, simply by touching a product containing latex, the person may suffer from allergy symptoms such as itching or swelling of the exposed area of the skin.

Dealing with Latex Allergy
✦ The best option is to remove all latex products from your household. Also, whenever outside the house, one should avoid or limit contact with latex products.
✦ Instead of latex, a better option would be to use products that are made from plastic, leather, cotton, nylon, synthetic or any other material that does not cause an allergic reaction.
✦ Precaution should also be taken so that you do not venture into areas that are stuffed with latex products. Similarly, do not consume foods that may trigger an allergic reaction.
✦ One should try and minimize contact with latex products, as getting latex allergy is directly proportional to the extent to which a person is exposed to latex in his lifetime. Also, check out the list given below to get an idea of what to avoid.

Products to Avoid

Quite a few products that we use in our day-to-day lives contain latex, some are fairly obvious, while some are subtle and can be tricky to spot. Here’s a list of products to avoid.

Balloons
Household gloves
Telephone cords
Hot water bottles
Elastic bands
Bottle nipples
Baby

Diseases You Can Get From Your Pets

Diseases transmitted by pets

Pets can be a great addition to a family. They are lovable ‘friends’ and simply watching them play relieves stress and uplifts your gloomy mood. Pets like cats and dogs can be great companions, especially when you are going through difficult times. However, one should not forget that pets harbor a lot of pathogens that can pass down to humans and cause diseases. Therefore, it is always better to be cautious when it comes to taking care of pets. In this Buzzle article we’ll take a look at the different diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans.

Zoonotic Diseases that Spread from Animals to Humans

Cat Scratch Disease
Love playing with your cat? Beware! If it bites or scratches you, there is a high probability that you may suffer from cat scratch disease (CSD), a condition that is typically marked by fever, inflammation of the lymph nodes around your neck and underarms, decrease in appetite, headache, fatigue, and body ache. Cats exposed to the Bartonella henselae strain of bacteria pass the infection to humans through biting or scratching. Apart from these, the bacteria can also be transmitted if the cat/kitten licks your open wound. The symptoms usually appear 7-14 days after coming in contact with the bacteria. The first signs include formation of papule or blisters at the affected site. Surprisingly, the bacteria do not harm the host, so it is unlikely that your cat will show any symptoms.

Treatment: In most instances, CSD is not a health concern and symptoms go away on their own without any medical intervention. However, to reduce the duration of the infection, antibiotics such as azithromycin may be prescribed.

Toxoplasmosis
Exposure to cat feces can cause toxoplasmosis, a parasitic infection caused by a one-celled parasite T.gondii, which

Acupuncture to Relieve Allergies

Acupuncture for allergies

Allergies are mostly caused due to pollen of flowers, grasses, and weeds. The most common symptoms of allergies are itchy eyes, sneezing, running nose, headaches and fatigue. A number of medicines are available, but most of them have a certain side effects. At the same time, these medicines are neither able to improve the overall health of the patient, nor prevent any further allergies. On the other hand, acupuncture not only cures the allergies, but any further allergies are also prevented. Now, let’s see in brief what are allergies.
What are Allergies?
An imbalance in the immune system is said to give rise to allergies. They are also a sign of over-reaction of the immune system to certain allergens. Normally, seasonal allergies are triggered due to wind borne allergens. Acupuncture helps in preventing the occurrence of infection and it also helps in healing the tissues of the sinuses. It treats the root cause of the allergies and does not merely suppress the symptoms.
► Acupuncture for Allergies
Acupuncture is one of the oldest and commonly used medical procedure, which is used to treat a variety of problems. The term acupuncture means treating a variety of health conditions by stimulating a variety of anatomical points.
There are different schools of thought namely Chinese, Japanese and Korean, when it comes to the use of acupuncture. In the traditional Chinese Medicine, allergies are related to the wind. The symptoms of which go as rapidly as they had come. According to the traditional medicine, people who do not have resistance to colds and other respiratory infections are more susceptible to allergies. If a person has chronic allergies, it is due to problems with the spleen, kidney or lungs.

Laser Acupuncture
In laser therapy, the allergens are identified and

Cytokines: Function, Structure, and Properties

Cytokines function

Cytokines refer to a large group of cell-signaling molecules that essentially consists of proteins, peptides, and glycoproteins. They either have short or long chain structures. They are primarily released by immune system cells in order to initiate cell-to-cell interaction in order to generate an immune response. For instance, when white blood cells come in contact with pathogens they immediately release cytokines, which in turn communicate and activate other white blood cells to attack the foreign invader.

Thus, the immune response of alerting and recruiting more number of white blood cells (WBCs) to combat the infection is done by these chemical messengers (cytokines). In fact, cytokines are crucial in regulating the function of the immune system. Cytokines work in a similar manner in response to an injury or wound. In such circumstances, cytokines signal to increase the population of white blood cells at the injured site to speed up healing.

Cytokines are also mediators of inflammatory response that occurs after a living tissue is damaged. Inflammation caused by cytokines is a defense mechanism, which helps to keep the injury localized.

How Cytokines Initiate Cell-to-Cell Signaling?
When cytokines are released from a cell, they attach to the receptors located on the outer cell membrane of target cells. This binding action triggers a chemical signal that is sent to the receptor cell, inducing it to perform a given activity. For instance, when a cell comes in contact with bacteria, it signals other cells of an imminent infection so that the immune system can work to combat the infection.

The effect of cytokines is many times visible on the cells that produce them. This is known as autocrine action. When nearby cells are affected by cytokine release, it is referred to as paracrine action. However, when secretion of cytokines has an